In an article for the New York Times, David Carr makes an attempt to defend journalism. His article is titled, “Fill in the Blank: Being a Reporter Is the _____Job in the World.”
Carr basically sums up the past couple of weeks in the world of journalism, and how there seems to be a lot of talk of dissatisfaction with the job. In his article he quotes a fellow writer Malcolm Gladwell from a speech he gave at Yale, “Newspapers are kind of dreary, depressed places. I would go the penniless Web route to get practice.”
Carr mentions the Fox Mole indirectly, and we all know how dissatisfied he was with his job. He also mentions a young journalist who was hired and decided to write-up a press release about his new position and posted it to Tumblr, he was fired within twenty-four hours of being hired.
And then of course, Carr mentioned this, “CareerCast included hundreds of jobs in its annual ranking and decided that being a newspaper reporter was the fifth-worst job in the land. Being a dishwasher and a taxi driver rated as better occupations.”
Okay. So it wasn’t a great month in the land of journalism, and I agree, albeit with very little experience, that newsrooms and newspapers are not what they used to be.
But. There is still glory to be found in this old institution. There are still aspiring young journalists like myself that are figuring out what our niche’s are. There is a whole generation of journalists up and coming that want to restore the industry to the standards we are taught, and all, I promise is not lost.
Who does CareerCast think they are anyway? The future of journalism is a bright one. Thanks to Carr, journalists from all walks of life have commented on the state of the job, and in reading many of the responses to his article, I am convinced that CareerCast is completely off base.
To answer his question: Being a reporter is the most amazing job in the world.
- Advice for the Young Journalist (publicgoodreporting.wordpress.com)
- Matt Welch: Why legacy-newspaper media reporters get their own industry so wrong (nextlevelofnews.com)
- “Newspapers are kind of dreary, depressed places. I would go the penniless Web route to get practice….” (shortformblog.com)
- SXSW: David Carr and the Curator’s Code (theverge.com)
Mona Zhang wrote an article on Thursday for Media Bistro called, “Newton to Journalists: Focusing on the Story Just Isn’t Enough Anymore”.
According to her article, the distrust of the media by Americans is at an all time high. She writes, “In the digital age, journalists are required to don different hats; from multimedia to social media, there is an increasing amount of tools available for telling the story and sharing it. Still, it may not be enough.”
Zhang also mentions that Eric Newton, the senior adviser to the president of the Knight Foundation, spoke at the Logan Symposium on Investigative Reporting. Newton told the group of investigative reporters that just telling the story is not enough. Zhang says,
“…he [Newton] has spent his entire life worshiping the mantra, “The story is all that really matters.” Until now. “The story is not the only thing that matters,” he said. “A story by itself does not change the world. Someone must absorb it, share it, act on it and yes, even pay for it.” In order for stories to truly matter, he argues, news literacy is key, as is transparency, which can help facilitate dialogue and understanding within communities. “Sixty nine percent of America believes that if local newspapers no longer existed, it would be no big deal,” he said, which is why now, more than ever, journalists have an obligation not just to say, “Hey! Listen to this story!” but “Hey! This is why you should listen to this story!”
Newton, I believe is on to something. News literacy is a crucial part in today’s news industry. With so much information at our finger tips, most people have no idea how or where to begin gathering news. Many news consumers have no idea what the difference between propaganda, opinion and hard fact-based news truly looks like. I’ve said this in earlier posts, so many news organizations present information that is not truly news, as news. With this behavior becoming a growing trend, the news consumer hasn’t got a chance. Not to mention the impact of, yes I know…this again, social media. Information is at our very fingertips accessible twenty-four hours a day. Not just on the computer, but on our television screens, our tablets, and our mobile phones.
News consumers need the tools that news literacy provides. And now, it is the responsibility of journalists to give you the information you need, but also to inform you of the reasons why you should read the story and why it has relevance in your life.
Yes, as Zhang points out, we journalists wear many hats, and educating our news consumers about why they should read our stories, is just as important.
- Knight Foundation senior advisor receives Markoff award for investigative reporting fund (blogs.journalism.co.uk)
- CIR to launch investigative news channel on YouTube (gloucestercitynews.net)
- Americans on Environment News: We Want More! (motherjones.com)
- FAQ: Online journalism ethics, accuracy, transparency and objectivity (onlinejournalismblog.com)
- Getting the News – danah boyd (news.me)
Watling writes, “Alan Greenblatt explains in his story today that increasingly, government officials are asking him to prove his official journalist status before granting him interviews. Tides have turned and now it’s not just the reporter doing background research, but the sources are backgrounding the reporters.”
Greenblatt is a correspondent for NPR.org, and wrote about his recent experience of being asked to prove he is a journalist.
In her blog post, Watling brings up some very interesting points, she writes:
- What type of proof is enough?
- What if you’re not working for an agency that hands out press badges?
- What’s stopping you from printing up your own press badge and business cards?
- It’s not like you apply for a license to be a journalist and can hand out your license number to verify with the state, as electricians or plumbers do. (I hope nobody gets any bright ideas.)
- And it’s not like medical professions where you need a certain degree and set of training to perform the job; you simply do not need a degree in journalism to prove you know how to ask who, what, when, where, why and how, and then write it up accurately.
- Plenty of good reporters didn’t learn those skills in the classroom.
- And plenty of bad reporters have a degree but still didn’t learn to apply those skills well.
I happen to agree with her. Watling also mentions the recent court case involving a blogger, the judge ruled the blogger was not a journalist. So how is it determined that someone is a journalist? According to the judge mentioned in Watling’s article, it would be someone who followed these guidelines:
“Defendant fails to bring forth any evidence suggestive of her status as a journalist. For example, there is no evidence of (1) any education in journalism; (2) any credentials or proof of any affiliation with any recognized news entity; (3) proof of adherence to journalistic standards such as editing, fact-checking, or disclosures of conflicts of interest; (4) keeping notes of conversations and interviews conducted; (5) mutual understanding or agreement of confidentiality between the defendant and his/her sources; (6) creation of an independent product rather than assembling writings and postings of others; or (7) contacting “the other side” to get both sides of a story. Without evidence of this nature, defendant is not “media.””
You can read the opinion of the court here.
Currently, the only things I have to show someone who questions my validity as a journalist is, my diploma, my business card and my Society of Professional Journalists card. (Needless to say I don’t carry my diploma with me.) So what if I fall into one or more of the categories she lists above?
I also shiver at the idea that an institution for licensing journalists could be created. Since when do we need a license to practice our basic freedoms, like speech and the press?
Watling also states, “Fortunately for me, as a working journalist and blogger, I can check off each of these seven in some way and when appropriate (i.e. I’m not going on background on most stories, and sometimes my blog posts are just an aggregation of pieces I think people should read). Whew. But what if you didn’t attend journalism school (No. 1)? What if you’re an opinion columnist/blogger whose job it is to be one-sided (No. 7)? What if your job includes curating a mass of content into a product that helps pull together a story from disparate sources (No. 6)? What if you’ve never been affiliated with a MSM news agency but instead set up your own news outlet (No. 2)?”
I’m not sure there is a simple answer here. Of course following the ethics of journalism and knowing the laws associated with the press are two very important things among many others, but there are loopholes. I agree with Watling, that it’s a kind of “New Media vs. News Media“, and all of this New Media is blurring the lines. There are a lot of great aspects of citizen journalism, but also some negative ones. Fact-checking and verification of sources etc, are both very important in journalism. I’m afraid much of that is lost on many “citizen journalists”. Yet still, there are a lot of “citizen journalists” out there that bring to light information and news that might otherwise be lost on the larger media groups.
This is a fascinating area for discussion. While many legacy news organizations struggle to find their footing in this digital age, there are other, newer organizations bursting onto the scene. How this plays out in the future, and what develops as the definition of a journalist or journalism will be something to watch.
This isn’t a winner-takes-all situation. I think there is plenty of playing room on the field.
- Figure out if Old Journalism Ethics Apply to Social Media, Eat Free Pizza, Earn Extra Credit! (nicolekraftosu.wordpress.com)
- Pulitzer Prize Ends Blogger vs. Journalist Debate (bigthink.com)
- Real Journalist Ignores Future of Many Real Journalists (arnoldit.com)
- Should News Bloggers be Considered Journalists? (newmediarockstars.com)